What is colon cancer?
The Colon is part of our intestines, which consist of two sections – the small intestine (part between the stomach and appendix) and the large intestine (part from appendix to anus). The large intestine can be divided in two sections – the long colon and a short rectum, just above the anal point. Colon cancer is a type of cancer in the colo-rectal (bowel) region of our body. Maximum cancers of this type occur in the colon and a small number in the rectum.
Quick Colon Health Resources
- Colon Cleansing
- Colon Hydrotherapy
- Colon Polyps
- Fiber And Colon Disease
- Colonic Irrigation
Who can get colon cancer?
Research data shows that there are about 106,000 new cases in the USA and 35,000 cases in the UK reported annually. More than 80% of these are in people over 60. Obesity increased the risk of colon cancer. High alcohol intake is also considered as a big risk factor for developing colon cancer. Some common painkillers and hormone replacement therapy, are considered to reduce the risk of colon cancer.
Can colon cancer be treated?
Yes colon cancer can be treated by surgical intervention. During surgery, the part of the colon, where the tumor is, is cut off and colostomy performed. Colostomy is a process by which the terminal section of the bowel is turned away to the surface of the abdomen and stool is collected in a plastic bag. This is a temporary measure, as when the part from where the cancerous growth was removed has recovered, the bowel is re-connected to the rest of the bowel. But if the tumor growth happens to be in the lower rectum then both rectum and anus have to be permanently removed – the process is called permanent colostomy . as a follow up of surgery, colon cancer patients may be given chemotherapy or radiotherapy, to get rid of any remaining cancer cells.
Click on this link to learn about colon cancer treatment.
What are the side effects of colon cancer treatment?
While any surgical intervention involves pain, tiredness and discomfort, these are temporary side-effects. Long term side effects of chemotherapy is loss of hair (temporary again), tiredness, diarrhea, nausea, sore mouth with minor infections. These are present as long as the treatment persists. Radiotherapy also has similar side effects like chemotherapy with some additional problems like red and sore skin where the treatment was given, inflammation of the bladder which makes urination frequent and uncomfortable.
Is colon cancer treatment effective?
If colon cancer is detected early, that is before the tumor has spread from the bowel to other areas, the treatment can be extremely effective. It is estimated that over 90% patients are alive after fiver years of initial diagnosis of colon cancer. If however, the disease has spread up to the lymph nodes, only half of the patients can pull it through for five years.
Click on the following link to learn more about colon health.