High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure

One of the medical terms you are likely familiar with is blood pressure. This is essentially the amount of force that the arteries of the heart experience when they are pumping blood to your body. This force is dependent on how flexible the arteries are as well as their present size.

High blood pressure definition

Many factors go into the various readings of blood pressure. For example, your blood pressure can change with increased activity in a day, your diet and even your emotional state will play a factor in it. Additionally, posture and any medications you are on can significantly increase or reduce the readings that can be obtained in this.

How to test blood pressure

When a doctor takes your blood pressure, they will do this in a seated position with your arm resting to your side. This will help to ensure that it is at the same level as your heart. When the cuff is applied to your upper arm, you will begin to feel a tight squeeze and the doctor will get some readings for his device. The results of which will be displayed in millimeters of mercury which is listed as mmHg.

Numbers tend to be written out as 110/70. In this example, the 110 stands for your systolic blood pressure and what this means is that the maximum amount of pressure that the heart experiences when it contracts is 110mmHg. In turn you will find that the bottom number shows the amount of pressure on the arteries when your heart is resting. This is reflected by 70mmHG in this example.

Normally when blood pressure is addressed, the pulse in the body becomes a point of focus as well. This is the average beats per minute your body will go through and will determine the speed at which your heart is beating. A number over 100 can be dangerous for being too fast, while falling below 75 can prove to be just as fatal.

Blood pressure is taken in an effort to help determine if your body has hypertension or hypotension. For this, hypertension means that your blood pressure is high and hypotension means a low blood pressure and is based on a comparison with the determined standard blood pressure of 120/80mmHg. Although anyone who is relatively close to that number shouldn’t be too concerned. If there is a significant increase of 10 or more, then you will want to be sure you have a regular checkup from your doctor.

Blood pressure problems

High blood pressure is a factor that can result in stroke, heart attack, heart failure as well we being a factor for those who experience kidney failure as well. In turn, low blood pressure is often a warning sign that could mean heart failure is already present, there is infection in the body and even that a person is having severe dehydration.

While home based monitors can often be used for monitoring your blood pressure, it is vital you consult with your physician to get an accurate reading from one of their trained personnel. They will in turn be able to discuss with you treatment options is applicable and will give you a chance to fully understand all the factors in your daily life that can be contributing to this problem.

If you have high blood pressure, your reading will be at 140/90 or more. Typically this is caused by obesity, too much salt in the diet, drinking alcohol and family history will all contribute to this problem. If you are not using stress management techniques you may find that your stress levels have an impact on your blood pressure problems

Low and high blood pressure, the difference

Low blood pressure will be listed as 90/60 or lower. Infections and diseases are typically the biggest cause of low blood pressure. When it occurs on a more frequent basis, your doctor will likely check your blood work to determine what factors are contributing to this problem and determine the best route to improve your stats.

Blood pressure is one of the most sensitive vital statistics that you will experience at any time. It is essential that you take the time to pay attention to your body and ensure that you maintain the treatment options that your doctor sets up for you. In many cases, diet and exercise can lower your blood pressure over time and reduce the readings. Until your body reaches that point, you may be put on Alpha or Calcium blockers to help reduce your risk factors. These should be taken according to the specifications of your doctor. Never double up on the doses prescribed as this can cause an unsafe drop in your normal blood pressure.

Why is high blood pressure bad?

Remember that most people will not experience any physical symptoms that they can attribute to low or high blood pressure until it is too late. This is one of the reasons it is known as the silent killer, so make sure that you do get routinely screened if you have any of the risk factors for high blood pressure. That will be the first step you can take to ensuring that you keep your body safe and in turn can avoid some of the health problems that can be associated with blood pressure when it reaches dangerously low or high levels in your body. If however you are suffering from stress at work make sure you take a look at information about stress management and stress management techniques which are said to lower stress and anxiety and lead to workplace wellbeing.

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